By Halil Inalcik
This significant contribution to Ottoman background is now released in paperback in volumes: the unique unmarried hardback quantity (CUP 1995) has been broadly acclaimed as a landmark within the examine of 1 of the main enduring and influential empires of contemporary instances. The authors offer a richly unique account of the social and monetary background of the Ottoman quarter, from the origins of the Empire round 1300 to the eve of its destruction in the course of global battle One. The breadth of diversity and the fullness of assurance make those volumes crucial for an knowing of up to date advancements in either the center East and the post-Soviet Balkan global.
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Extra info for An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, vol. 1, 1300-1600
The 22 THE EMERGENCE OF CONTEMPORARY INTELLECTUALS essential thing we have to note here is the top–down character of these reforms. In other words, the modernization process in Turkey did not occur as a result of popular movements. To put it another way, the impetus and demand for change did not come from the people. Rather, it occurred through the Kemalist revolution from above by the intellectual elites. Therefore, it can be called as an elitist movement and ‘forced modernization/ Westernization’, as Kemal Karpat put it, which created tensions between the masses and the republican elites later on.
Modern practices, beliefs, institutions are simply added to traditional ones. It is false to believe that tradition and modernity ‘are mutually exclusive’. Modern society is not simply modern; it is modern and traditional. The attitudes and behaviour patterns may in some cases be fused; in others, they may comfortably coexist, one alongside the other, despite the apparent incongruity of it all. In addition, one can go further and argue not only that coexistence is possible but that modernization itself may strengthen tradition.
This grotesque mixture of styles is neither national nor international. … My friends, there is no need to seek and revive the costume of Turan. A civilized, international dress is worthy and appropriate for our nation, and we will wear it. Boots or shoes on our feet, trousers on our legs, shirt and tie, jacket and waistcoat – and, of course, to complete these, a cover with a brim on our heads. I want to make this clear. This head-covering is called ‘hat’ (quoted by Bernard Lewis, Soylev, ii. 212–13).