By Elizabeth Kauffman Bush
Even supposing undesirable eyesight stored him from receiving a fee within the U.S. military while he graduated from the Naval Academy in 1933, Draper Kauffman turned a hero of underwater demolition in global battle II and went directly to a uncommon naval occupation. at the present time Admiral Kauffman is remembered because the nation's first frogman and the daddy of the military Seals. His fantastic wartime provider disarming enemy bombs, developing bomb disposal faculties, and organizing and prime the Navy's first demolition devices is the focal point of this biography written through Kauffman's sister. Elizabeth Kauffman Bush, who is also the aunt of President George W. Bush, attracts on family members papers in addition to military records to inform Kauffman's tale for the 1st time. made up our minds to guard the reason for freedom lengthy prior to the U.S. ever entered the battle, Kauffman was once taken prisoner via the Germans as an ambulance motive force in France, and after his unencumber joined the Royal army to defuse delayed-action bombs throughout the London blitz. After Pearl Harbor his eyes have been deemed enough and he used to be given a fee within the U.S. Naval Reserve. along with his adventure, he used to be requested to set up an underwater demolition institution in fortress Pierce, Florida, the place he for my part proficient males to defuse bombs and neutralize different submerged risks. His males have been despatched to demolish the stumbling blocks put in via the Nazis at Normandy, and Kauffman himself led underwater demolition groups within the Pacific at Saipan, Tinian, and Guam and later directed UDT operations at Iwo Jima and Okinawa. His males take note him as a superb chief who led through instance. He expert and fought along them, impervious to chance. end result of the excessive criteria he set when you turned "frogmen,"thousands of yank lives have been kept in international conflict II, Korea, and Vietnam. Draper Kauffman's early demonstrated UDT traditions of perseverance, teamwork, and a long-lasting brotherhood of guys of remarkable braveness is carried on by way of army Seals. this can be his legacy to the U.S. army and his kingdom.
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Extra info for America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story
67 Canadian troops preserved a commendable degree of discipline, certainly far above what could have been expected from their limited training and organization in the years before the Rebellion. The downside of using hastily recruited and, at best, partially trained amateur soldiers was, however, never far from the surface. Deployment during the North-West Rebellion underscored Selby-Smyth’s earlier warning about the relationship between discipline and control. 68 Existing law and custom allowed armies to destroy private property in the course of military operations and to requisition necessary supplies from local inhabitants.
56 Severe fiscal restraint restricted the militia to such an extent that its potential effectiveness was in doubt. A military force without discipline and training, Selby-Smyth asserted, was little more than an armed mob. He and his successor, Major General Richard Luard, repeatedly stressed the importance of military education in the professional development of officers and non-commissioned officers. Although proposals for reductions in size of the active militia and application of consequent savings to a smaller permanent force remained politically unpalatable, the Dominion government redistributed limited funds for more military instruction.
On 15 August 1900, Boers flying a white flag from a farmhouse near Carolina shot down scouts from the South African Light Horse advancing to accept their surrender. 14 After nine captives were dead, an officer intervened to stop the executions. Even though refusing quarter to enemy soldiers in combat represented an ambiguous area in existing law and custom until later codification under the Geneva Conventions, the Canadians had clearly exceeded the bounds of impropriety by killing Boer prisoners after the point of capture.