Download American Loyalist Troops 1775-84 (Men-at-Arms #450) by René Chartrand PDF

By René Chartrand

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They mustered some 400 men divided into 11 companies of militia under Col Richard King; four companies reviewed on January 4, 1782, had a highly satisfying military appearance (Royal Gazette, Charleston, January 5, 1782). Other militia units were also raised at Camden and in North Carolina, some taking part in the battle of Camden in August 1780. , The State Record of North Carolina, XIV: 748). In September 1780, Camden's garrison consisted of "about 500 Tories who all wear red tags in their hats for distinction" (Maryland Gazette, October 13, 1780).

In 1782, clothing and equipment for 500 light dragoons were sent to the South, and more uniforms went to New York (PRO 30/55/10280, 4306). In no case did the shipments mentioned above identify the corps for which the clothing was intended. However, from 1780 some of the major units were identified in lists of clothing sent to the stores in New York. These corps were the British Legion, the Queen's Rangers, the New York Volunteers and the Volunteers of Ireland (see under Unit Histories, above). Other parts of these lists have only coat and facing colors, not attributed to any unit, but one suspects that at least some of the red coats faced with orange went to the King's Orange Rangers.

This agrees with It Munson Hoy's surviving coat in the Connecticut Historical Society, which is scarlet with dark blue collar, cuffs and lapels, white turnbacks, gold buttons and lace. 1780-83 The 1783 New York List mentions "Red Coat - Plain Blue lappel" for this regiment. Red coats, but with no facing or button colors, are indicated in Wiederhold's 1783 Ms Almanack. The facings are confirmed by the surviving coat of Capt John Legget, which is scarlet with dark blue collar, cuffs and lapels, gold buttons (stamped with crowned "RP"), square-ended gold lace buttonholes set in pairs, gold epaulettes and white turnbacks.

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