Download America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society by Lisa S. Nelson PDF

By Lisa S. Nelson

Using biometric know-how for identity has long past from Orwellian fable to daily truth. This expertise, which verifies or acknowledges a person's identification in accordance with physiological, anatomical, or behavioral styles (including fingerprints, retina, handwriting, and keystrokes) has been deployed for such reasons as fighting welfare fraud, screening plane passengers, and deciding upon terrorists. The accompanying controversy has pitted those that compliment the technology's accuracy and potency opposed to advocates for privateness and civil liberties. In the USA pointed out, Lisa Nelson investigates the advanced public responses to biometric expertise. She makes use of societal perceptions of this actual identity expertise to discover the values, ideals, and ideologies that impression public attractiveness of know-how. Drawing on her personal broad learn with concentration teams and a countrywide survey, Nelson unearths that issues of privateness, anonymity, belief and self assurance in associations, and the legitimacy of paternalistic govt interventions are very important to clients and capability clients of the expertise. She examines the lengthy historical past of presidency structures of id and the controversies they've got encouraged; the impression of the knowledge expertise revolution and the occasions of September eleven, 2001; the normative worth of privateness (as against its simply felony definition); where of surveillance applied sciences in a civil society; belief in executive and mistrust in the extended position of presidency; and the stability among the necessity for presidency to act to avoid damage and the prospective chance to liberty in government's activities.

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Extra resources for America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society

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This type of error occurs when the biometric identifier is lacking in quality—an extremely faint fingerprint or an occluded face, for example. This is especially true in a large-scale screening process because the accuracy of biometric identifiers can be compromised by environmental factors. The FTE rate denotes the percentage of instances in which users cannot 40 Chapter 1 enroll in the recognition system. Ideally, the templates are high quality and rejection rates on this basis are low. FTE errors typically occur when the system rejects poor-quality templates during enrollment.

Boarding a plane, accessing government buildings). The ensuing discussion then focused on situations where biometric technology could be used. The moderator asked participants to consider how acceptable they believed the use of biometric technology was in certain situations. To conclude the discussion, the moderator asked participants if they would like to see more frequent and expanded use of biometrics in the future. The National Survey The purpose of the national telephone survey, carried out in 2007, was to gather public opinion data on the issues of privacy or personal information and biometric technology from a representative sample of adults in the United States.

For biometric identification systems, the question of maturity is not a straightforward matter but instead requires a mix of factors, including “robustness, distinctiveness, availability, accessibility, and acceptability” (Wayman et al. 2005, 3). Although biometric identification has been portrayed in the media as being able to seamlessly identify individuals without problem, a number of considerations, including societal acceptance, affect the successful deployment of biometric identification systems.

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