By Christine Isom-Verhaaren
In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to the town of great. The operation, below the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here in line with a request from François I of France for the help of Sultan Süleyman the terrific in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused severe condemnation on spiritual grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from accredited international relations. thoughts of the Crusades have been, finally, nonetheless a great deal alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel areas the occasions of 1543 and the next wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the ability politics of the 16th century. counting on modern Ottoman and French resources, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early glossy period. the result's crucial interpreting for college students and students of ecu heritage, Ottoman reports, and of relatives among the Christian and Islamic worlds.
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Extra info for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)
But Ibrahim Pasha informed Charles V’s brother Ferdinand’s envoys that both the pope and the king of France had asked the Ottoman Empire for aid after the sack of Rome. Although the Habsburgs were publicly condemning French diplomacy with the Ottoman Empire, they were attempting to arrange a truce with Süleyman themselves. In 1532, Ferdinand sent envoys to Süleyman for the fifth time in five years, and they were authorized to offer a tribute for Ferdinand’s rights in Hungary of up to 100,000 ducats.
The popes correctly perceived that this rivalry would transform Italy into a battlefield. Beginning in 1494 French kings fought to enforce their dynastic claims in Italy: Charles VIII (1483–98) asserted his claims to Naples and Louis XII (1498–1515) and François I (1515–47) claimed the duchy of Milan. Ultimately the French monarchs lost the lands they claimed and sometimes conquered in Italy to the Habsburgs, but, during their wars, the Valois kings of France formed alliances with the most powerful rulers who might assist them, the Ottoman sultans.
These are diplomatic agreements which involved Italy or the Ottoman Empire, or related to the balance of power in Europe. Capitulationsy Holy League Treaty of Crespy Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis Capitulationsbb Holy League Concordat of Bologna 34 A LLIES WITH THE INFIDEL those who had secular reasons for fighting Muslims, such as Ferdinand of Aragon in North Africa and Venice in the Aegean, where her possessions were threatened by Ottoman attacks. At the death of Louis XII, François I inherited the French throne with its dynastic claims to Milan and Naples.