By Vera P. Moutafchieva
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Extra info for Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th Centuries
The name of "Conqueror" was given to him not only because he captured Constantinople (1453), but because of his victories over the remains of the Anatolian beyliks and over Karakoyunlu U zun Hasan. 80 It should be stressed, however, that the hereditary feudal aristocracy of the beyliks had its supporters in the Ottoman government. These were in the stratum of senior dignitaries, pashas and viziers, possessors of large, tied estates. It is known that, among the Turkish feudal formations in Asia Minor from the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries, it was only the Ottomans who exercised the supreme power of the state over the land.
L07 The role of the mufassal registers was different. They, above aU, dealt with the taxation of the households included within a given timar, and consequently, exercised control not over the changes that had taken place in the timar, but in agricultural production, the feudal taxation of which was a source of timar revenue. l08 The ruznamqe office, which kept daybooks in which permissions granted for receiving, extension, transfer, etc. of the timars were recorded, consequently kept control over their movement.
They CHAPTER ONE 29 were usually people of entirely different backgrounds who had been brought together in ownership on the sultan's orders. 157 Another timar was held by three sipahis who had come to the area from Saruhan. 158 A third timar was granted to three persons; each of whom received about 800 akqe, in return for which, as stated in the register, "Pazarlu will serve in the fortress, Yanko as a gunner, and ~ahin will play the zurana. 159 It can be understood from the notes regarding the holders of the timars in Arvanidili that the practice of the mu~terek timar was even more widespread during the reign of Mehmet 1.