By Cem Behar
Combining the bright and colourful aspect of a micro-history with a much broader historic viewpoint, this groundbreaking research appears on the city and social background of a small local neighborhood (a mahalle) of Ottoman Istanbul, the Kasap Iùlyas. Drawing on incredibly wealthy historic documentation beginning within the early 16th century, Cem Behar makes a speciality of how the Kasap Iùlyas mahalle got here to reflect the various overarching problems with the capital urban of the Ottoman Empire. additionally thought of are different matters imperative to the historiography of towns, akin to rural migration and concrete integration of migrants, together with avenues for pro integration and the harmony networks migrants shaped, and the function of historic guilds and non-guild hard work, the ancestor of the "informal" or "marginal" zone came upon this day in much less constructed nations.
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Additional info for A Neighborhood in Ottoman Istanbul: Fruit Vendors and Civil Servants in the Kasap Ilyas Mahalle
33 After this devastating earthquake, wooden constructions acquired in Istanbul the reputation of being both more resistant to shocks and the cause of less casualties in case of destruction. However, time and time again the public authorities in Istanbul tried to discourage and even to forbid the widespread use of timber as a basic building material. Time and time again ofﬁcial edicts were issued by the kadı of Istanbul to regulate the height of wooden houses, to limit the width of their eaves, to set standards concerning their rooﬁng, to set the minimum distance between these types of houses, and so forth,34 all in order to keep the risk of ﬁres under control.
11 First of all, various amounts of cash, ranging from one thousand to thirty thousand aspers (akçe) were donated. In most of the deeds of trust it was clearly speciﬁed that the yearly return of these moneys would be 10 percent. Then there is real estate (a total of sixteen houses and ﬁve shops, all situated within the mahalle) which had been endowed. This is quite considerable, given that Kasap ƒlyas could not, in all probability have contained at the time much more than ﬁfty or sixty houses. ) were also bequeathed to the Kasap ƒlyas mosque, as well as, more appropriately, some manuscript copies of the Coran.
The two censuses of 1885 and 1907 were in fact the ﬁrst empire-wide censuses designed speciﬁcally for purposes other than either taxation, agricultural revenue assessment, or military conscription. They were the ﬁrst “modern” censuses in which precise demographic and social information was collected for each individual. All census registrations were nominative and they permit, therefore, the reconstruction of family and household structures. The 1885 census was also the ﬁrst to record information about females.