By John Fry
The rigors and tribulations of a Canadian enterprise titan in the course of a desirable interval in 19th-century Quebec.
A brain at Sea is an intimate window right into a vanished time whilst Canada was once one of the world’s nice maritime international locations. among 1856 and 1877, Henry Fry used to be the Lloyd’s agent for the St. Lawrence River, east of Montreal. The harbour coves less than his domestic in Quebec have been full of large rafts of reduce wooden, the river’s coastline sprawled with yards the place immense square-rigged ships – many owned through Fry – have been built.
As the president of Canada’s Dominion Board of exchange, Fry used to be on the epicentre of wealth and effect. His domestic urban of Quebec served because the capital of the province of Canada, whereas its port was once usually the scene of uncooked illegal activity. He fought vigorously opposed to the abduction of sailors and the harmful perform of deck loading. He additionally battled opposed to and overcame his own demon – psychological melancholy – occurring to put in writing many send histories and essays on U.S.-Canada relations.
Fry was once a colorful determine and a reformer who interacted with the recognized figures of the day, together with Lord and woman Dufferin, Sir John A. Macdonald, Wilfrid Laurier, and Sir Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau, Quebec’s lieutenant-governor.
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Extra info for A Mind at Sea: Henry Fry and the Glorious Era of Quebec's Sailing Ships
Eger was in fact incapable of diving and many were spotted and shot on the surface by enemy warships. As a measure of improvement, a small diving cell was fitted, the new version being known as the Marder. This gave the pilot some chance of avoiding the enemy on his way to the target area, but even the Marder had to surface before firing its payload. Beneath the manned section was slung a standard live torpedo. The eger/Marder simply lined itself up on the target and fired. Around 200 of tl1ese were produced, but the type was not particularly successful and losses were very heavy, so much so that operations were ceased in autumn 1944.
5 cm deck gun is gone, but the flak armament has been considerably beefed up and now consists of two twin 2 cm flak guns on the upper platform and a Flakvierling quadruple 2 cm mount on the lower platform. The boat is snorkel equipped and has the Hohentweil radar mast. Represented here is U-177 (4) that, interestingly, elected an unusual motif. Rather than a painted emblem, the crew affixed a shepherd's crook to the front of the tower, and painted a white ring around the shaft of the crook for each enemy boat sunk.
E. to starboard and, to port, a small workshop area provided with a lathe to allow repair· work to be undertaken. Most of the space available under the floor plates of the Type XXI was taken up with storage for tl1e boat's large complement of batteries. The Type XXI, externally, was highly streamlined witl1 no bulging saddle tanks, no deck armament and all bridge works contained in a single hydrodynamic tower to reduce drag. On both forward and aft ends of the tower were located twin 2 cm flak guns, in streamlined turrets.