Download A Gentry Community: Leicestershire in the Fifteenth Century, by Eric Acheson PDF

By Eric Acheson

This ebook examines the fifteenth-century gentry of Leicestershire lower than 5 large headings: as landholders, as participants of a social group in accordance with the county, as contributors in and leaders of the govt. of the shire, as individuals of the broader family and, ultimately, as contributors. Economically assertive, they have been additionally socially cohesive, this solidarity being supplied through the shire group. The shire additionally supplied an important political unit, managed by means of an oligarchy of more desirable gentry households who have been fairly self sufficient of outdoor interference. the fundamental social unit used to be the , yet exterior affects, supplied via challenge for the broader relatives, the lineage or monetary and political development, weren't significant determinants of kinfolk approach. Individualism one of the gentry was once already tested by way of the 15th century, revealing its team of workers as a confident and assured stratum in past due medieval English society.

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162; John oj Gaunt's Register, 1371-1375, ed. S. , 20 and 21, London, 1911, vol. 21, pp. 330-1, nos. 1759, 1760; John ofGaunt's Register, 1379-1383, ed. E. C. Lodge and R. , 56 and 57, London, 1937, vol. 56, pp. 7, 56 no. 162, 185 no. 561. 99 E. F. Jacob, The Fifteenth Century, 1399-1485, Oxford, 1961, repr. 1976, pp. , 1405-8, pp. 88, 177, 478. 102 Although it may appear that Sir Richard was merely emulating the careers of his father and grandfather, this is not entirely the case. 104 Richard's brother and heir, Sir Leonard Hastings, a retainer of the duke of York, continued to play an active role in Leicestershire's local politics in the late 1440s and early 1450s.

The West Riding of Yorkshire: 1530— 46, Oxford, 1970, p. 65; L. Stone, The Crisis of the Aristocracy 1558—1641, abridged edn, Oxford, 1967, p. 28; J. , 37, 1961-2, p. 15. 29 A gentry community 6 gentry. This is still the most widely held view of the gentry and it is the model which, it seems, is implicitly adopted even by those who shirk the task of providing the term with an explicit definition. More adventurous spirits have sought a greater precision in their definitions, a precision based on land tenure and income.

373). , vi, pp. 287—9. For the use of aliases see Storey, 'Gentlemen-bureaucrats', pp. 93-5. See below, pp. 43-4, 49. 33 While the laws were silent on the issue, Sir John Fortescue, that fifteenth-century repository of legal, constitutional and probably archaic wisdom, is no more forthcoming. His reference to the knight (miles), the esquire (armiger) and the non-gentle franklin as being 'well-off in possessions'34 not only ignores the gentleman altogether but is also notable for its lack of precision.

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