By Marjorie Keniston McIntosh
A neighborhood remodeled strains the restructuring of Havering among 1500 and 1620 via designated research of demographic styles, the economic system, faith, social and cultural kinds, and native management and legislation. McIntosh's research, the main complicated and richly drawn portrait of any English neighborhood during this interval, is going past neighborhood historical past in illuminating the transition from medieval to early modem lifestyles. A neighborhood reworked is the sequel to Professor McIntosh's acclaimed paintings Autonomy and neighborhood: The Royal Manor of Havering, 1200-1500, released by means of Cambridge in 1986.
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Additional info for A Community Transformed: The Manor and Liberty of Havering-atte-Bower 1500-1620
It is striking that Romford and Hornchurch did not have identical years of high mortality, nor did periods of crisis locally necessarily coincide with peaks in the national level. The years between 1570 and 1574 brought exceptional and repeated losses to Romford parish. 17 These four years saw a net loss of 154 people from the parish (deaths minus births). Had it not been for immigration, Romford's population would have declined by 12% between 1569 and 1574. We have no measure of sickness which did not result in death, but it seems clear that morbidity must also have been high.
Clark, 'Social economy'). But Clark and Clark count some lodgers as separate households, thereby dropping the mean. 75 is seen in a mixed sample of 45 English parishes between 1650 and 1749 (Phythian-Adams, Desolation of a city, esp. Table 32, Wall, 'Regional and temporal variations', and Laslett, 'Mean household size'). About four-fifths of all households in Cambridge and outer Canterbury were headed by married men; widows, generally poor, formed the next largest group. The size of Cambridge and suburban Canterbury households w a s related to the income and occupation of their heads, with gentlemen at the top of the scale and innkeepers, brewers, and victuallers leading the trading and craft element.
Privacy was therefore difficult to obtain - nor is there any indication that people wished to spend time alone. The doubling of Havering's total population between 1500 and 1620 contributed to a shortage of housing and to closely packed neighbourhoods. 66 Yet the surroundings of family life improved somewhat during the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. Increased income together with higher social aspirations among the upper and middling families in Havering led to the construction of larger, more commodious houses.