By Veronika Gazhonova
This e-book introduces an exhilarating new process for breast ultrasound diagnostics – automatic whole-breast quantity scanning (3D ABVS). Scanning approach is defined intimately, with tips on scanning positions and protocols. Imaging findings are then illustrated and mentioned for regular breast versions, the several varieties of breast melanoma, fibroadenomas, cystic disorder, benign and malignant male breast issues, mastitis, breast implants, and postoperative breast scars. that allows you to relief appreciation of some great benefits of 3D ABVS, comparisons with findings on X-ray mammography and standard 2nd handheld US are awarded. Readers should be in particular inspired through the convincing demonstration of some great benefits of the hot approach for prognosis of breast melanoma in girls with dense glandular tissue. In allowing readers to profit tips to practice and interpret 3D ABVS, this publication can be of serious worth for all who're embarking on its use. it's going to additionally function a welcome reference for radiologists, oncologists, and ultrasonographers who have already got a few familiarity with the technique.
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Additional resources for 3D Automated Breast Volume Sonography: A Practical Guide
Hyperechoic glandular tissue. Cellular pattern of breast structure due to the balanced development of supporting and periglandular stroma. (1) Premammary fat, (2) glandular tissue, (3) nipple and areolar area, (4) retromammary fat, (5) superficial fascia, (6) pectoral muscles. Comparison of data of the same patient in conventional 2D HHUS and ABVS images. (a) HHUS image with a small field of view depicting part of the gland, (b) ABVS tomogram in R LAT (latero-medial) view of the right breast. The rectangle marks the nipple area.
The multislice view mode in the lower figures shows the relationship of the tumor with the anterior pectoralis fascia. The tumor has a tiny connection with the fascia that is clearly visible in the multislice view function with indication of the day of the cycle, and information about combined oral (intrauterine) contraceptive treatment, if present. In the absence of the cycle, the following should be indicated: duration of menopause, information about hormone replacement, and other therapy that can affect the breast.
6 Image Interpretation 31 a b Fig. 24 A case of ACR III breast type with benign fibrocystic disease in a 51-year-old woman with hormone replacement therapy. Comparison of MMG and ABVS data. The residual glandular tissue—more than 50 % but less than 75 %. (a) Side-by-side mammography of the breasts. Oblique mediolateral views of both glands show an increase in the amount of glandular tissue with fibrous component in both breasts. (b) Oblique latero-medial ABVS side-by-side tomograms of both glands in similar projections demonstrate hyperechoic fibroglandular tissue with an amount of more than 50 % in both glands.